Ultrasound is an excellent way to image and evaluate tendons, ligaments, and muscles due to the ability to dynamically image these structures as they move. This is especially useful when a patient is having pain moving a certain way or performing a specific action, as we can observe and evaluate the area of pain during that movement.
The typical locations to evaluate for this type of exam include the shoulder, knee, elbow, and ankle. The most common abnormalities visualized in these areas are:
- Tendon tears, partial/full thickness
- Ligament tears or ruptures
- Presence of abnormal joint-space fluid
- Presence of masses/tumors